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Buying diamonds can be exciting, but choosing the perfect diamond can be overwhelming. At Sophie’s Diamonds, we guide you every step of the way, making it easy for you to find the perfect diamond that fits both your budget and your personal style. Our simple guide provides you with a brief description of the 4Cs: cut, color, clarity and carat. Each one of these affects the other, which is why balancing each of the 4Cs, is essential to finding the perfect diamond.


A diamond’s cut is crucial to the stone’s final beauty and value. The way the diamond is cut and polished affects the amount of sparkle that comes off the stone when it interacts with light. Of all the 4Cs, cut is the most complex and technically difficult to analyze.


When it comes to grading color, the less color, the higher the grade. It is based on a scale from D to Z. The highest is D by being colorless. The lowest is Z by being light yellow or brown. DEF is known as colorless which is very rare. GHIJ is known as near colorless and is mostly used in Jewelry. KLM is known as faint. NOPQR is known as very light. STUVWXYZ is known as light. Some of these differences are not visible to the naked eye, but directly impact the overall quality and price of the stone.


Diamonds naturally form under incredible heat and pressure resulting in blemishes and inclusions. Inclusions are imperfections. Diamond clarity refers to the absence of inclusions or blemishes. While no diamond is perfectly pure, the closer it comes, the higher the value.


A carat measurement is the weight measurement of a diamond. 1 carat equals 200 mg or 1/5 of a gram. Usually the larger the diamond the more rare and valuable it is. When all other factors are equal, a one carat diamond is more valuable than four 1/4 carat diamonds combined. However, when determining the value of a diamond you can not only rely on the carat or weight alone, you must consider all 4Cs.

Different diamond sizes in carats.


Various diamond shapes

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